The Mighty Mississippi

“The Mississippi River towns are comely, clean, well built, and pleasing to the eye, and cheering to the spirit. The Mississippi Valley is as reposeful as a dreamland, nothing worldly about it…nothing to hang a fret or a worry upon.”

Mark Twain, Life on the Mississippi

Water

An “Admiral’s Map” in the Royal Library at Madrid, Spain, thought to have been engraved in 1507,  names a mouth of a river “The River of Palms.”   This seemingly immaterial detail implies that Christopher Columbus may have been the first European to see the mighty Mississippi. Since this remains unconfirmed, the acclaim goes to a Spanish conquistador, Hernando de Soto, who documented his first view of the Mississippi from the vantage point just below present-day Memphis, Tennessee.

Hernando de Soto, was incredibly rich, having shared in the Inca treasure along with others who joined Francisco Pizarro in the 1530’s.  He was convinced, however, that there was more gold, glory and the discovery of the fabled sea passage to China waiting for him in the unexplored territories. He organised the biggest of the early Spanish exploratory expeditions that ranged across the south-eastern quadrant of the United States.   The journey was fraught with danger and extreme hardship.  In 1541, the expedition reached the Mississippi River.  Hernando de Soto’s elation was short-lived for in May 1542, he died of fever.   The name he had given his beloved river was Río del Espíritu Santo (River of the Holy Spirit).

The name “Mississippi” came from the Anishinaabe (Ojibwe or Algonquin) Misi-ziibi name for Great River. And it lives up to its name. The Mississippi River, divided into Upper, Middle and Lower, is the largest river system in all of North America traveling more that 3,734 kilometres, beginning at its source at Lake Itasca, Minnesota to its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico. Its river basin is 2,981,076 square kilometres; its watershed drains all or parts of 31 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces that lay between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains.

Over the years, the Mississippi has been transferred between nations through various treaties and purchases.  Even so, it flows as it did for the First Nation peoples that lived along its banks long before the arrival of Europeans.

“The Mississippi River will always have its own way; no engineering skill can persuade it to do otherwise…”
Mark Twain, In Eruption

26 Comments

  1. Gallivanta says:

    Yet another wonderful young citizen 🙂 I do like Mark Twain’s quote at the end of the post. It shows that we need to respect our rivers.

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    1. Clanmother says:

      I put myself in his mother’s shoes and wondered how I would feel if my son started to use my front yard for recycling! I had to smile when she said that I am known as “Chad’s mom.” I have a feeling she was quite proud of that title!! 🙂

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      1. Gallivanta says:

        As we all would be 🙂 as long as everyone remembered we were our own true selves as well.

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      2. Clanmother says:

        So very true…. 🙂

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  2. friendlytm says:

    Thanks, Rebecca, for another interesting and educational post on the history of the Mississippi . I am interested in knowing a bit more about the cultural influence of native Indians on the ” River culture”. I Just found a site named Mississippi 1. This great America River has inspired lots of writers, poets, musicians …and more. And Mark Twain, of course is our number # 1 …thanks for the quote. Your posts have also inspired us to explore, to dream, to build upon the dream…and more!

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    1. Clanmother says:

      I have enjoyed exploring our rivers – there are so many that continue to inspire our imagination. I’m learning as I go along!!! BTW, there is a new “Tom Sawyer” movie coming out! Just found about about it when I went looking for your site.

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      1. friendlytm says:

        Thank you for the movie trailer. It seems the two young actors are good! It is fun having all these explorations with you. Would you be talking about the River Delaware ? You know why I am interested….the painting!

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      2. Clanmother says:

        There are so many wonderful choices….but you have given me my next post! Thank you!!!

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  3. adinparadise says:

    The first time I ever read about the Mississippi was when, as a child I read ‘Tom Sawyer’. The story really fascinated me, and it sounded like such a wonderful river for a young boy to live near.

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    1. Clanmother says:

      I loved Tom Sawyer!!! Especially the part about painting the fence. And the story continues to engage new generations. There is a freedom and gentleness that comes from being by a river….

      “Who knows, he may grow up to be President someday, unless they hang him first!”
      Aunt Polly about Tom Sawyer”
      ― Samuel L. Clemens, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

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  4. billgncs says:

    the book “Undaunted Courage” describes the Mississippi and other rivers as Lewis and Clark saw them.

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    1. Clanmother says:

      Can you imagine being on the Lewis and Clark expedition – commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson himself!!! I found “Undaunted Courage” at the Vancouver Public Library. Thank you for the recommendation! 🙂

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      1. billgncs says:

        Aren’t libraries the treasure of a society ?

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      2. Clanmother says:

        They keep us ever moving forward, a beacon for knowledge. My favourite destination!

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  5. cindy knoke says:

    Learn something new from you with every post! Thank you! Most informative~

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    1. Clanmother says:

      Isn’t is wonderful to be part of a community that continues to share and exchange knowledge. I look forward to beginning the day with my blogger buddies!!! 🙂

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  6. Ms Frances says:

    Early in our marriage, my husband and I visited the source of the Mississippi at Lake Itasca. In those days the area as very much untouched. How glad I am that there are those who are trying to keep this great river clean. Thank you for the short video . I also enjoy “the Amazing Starling Murmuration” video. Yes, truly amazing!

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    1. Clanmother says:

      There is so much history tied to this amazing river…

      And to think that you were at the very source! What a wonderful memory – thank you so much for sharing this moment. 🙂

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    1. Clanmother says:

      Love it!!! Love it!!!! Love it!!!!
      Thank you so much for sharing of this remarkable video. It always brings a tear to my eye…. 🙂

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  7. fournier0917 says:

    And the beat goes on! This is terrific, who could forget the great and mighty Mississippi, lest we forget it’s memorable role in American history in all that has been written, and it’s contribution to the world of song and music, at times sad and at times joyful.

    Thank you Rebecca this is just great and what a way to start the day, with Paul Robeson’s Ol’ Man River.

    Beautiful, and all in honour of saving the rivers that man has not tampered with, and sadly remembering the ones his greed got the better of him, which he has misused or destroyed, like for example in my part of the world, which happens to be Quebec, Canada. JJ

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    1. Clanmother says:

      Greed is insidious, because it is easy to hide behind “good.” I have always liked G.K. Chesterton’s take on it!!

      “Among the rich you will never find a really generous man even by accident. They may give their money away, but they will never give themselves away; they are egotistic, secretive, dry as old bones. To be smart enough to get all that money you must be dull enough to want it.”
      ― G.K. Chesterton

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      1. fournier0917 says:

        Another one of your well placed and appropriate well chosen quotes. How fitting and for the most part how true his words, our G.K. Chesterton.

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      2. Clanmother says:

        🙂 Thank you!!!

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  8. cindy knoke says:

    Rivers can carry us, to the sea. Samuel Clemons carried us to our souls. Thank you Rebecca for all you add to my days.

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    1. Clanmother says:

      “Life is short, Break the Rules.
      Forgive quickly, Kiss SLOWLY.
      Love truly. Laugh uncontrollably
      And never regret ANYTHING
      That makes you smile.”
      ― Mark Twain

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