Happiness in the Age of Victoria

“Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen six, result happiness. Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure twenty pound ought and six, result misery.”  Charles Dickens, David Copperfield Charles Dickens was a fierce critic of poverty and the social stratification endemic within Victorian society.  Even today, we still encounter the idea of keeping up with a…

Peace in Action

Business!’ cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. “Mankind was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence, were, all, my business. The deals of my trade were but a drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!”  ― Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol Virginia Woolf once said:  “You cannot find peace by avoiding life.”  Peace…

Peace comes with Understanding

“They are Man’s and they cling to me, appealing from their fathers. This boy is Ignorance and this girl is Want. Beware them both, and all of their degree, but most of all beware this boy for on his brow I see that written which is Doom, unless the writing be erased.”  ― Charles Dickens, A Christmas…

Butterflies Are Free

This year marks the 200th anniversary of our beloved Charles Dickens.  His work serves as a reminder for those who came after him to stand firm against exploitation and oppression.  Freedom is priceless. “I only ask to be free. The butterflies are free.” Charles Dickens